Comparison of Liver Recovery After Sleeve Gastrectomy and Roux-en-Y-Gastric Bypass

S.M.T. Schmitz*, A. Kroh, A. Koch, J.F. Brozat, C. Stier, U.P. Neumann, T.F. Ulmer, P.H. Alizai

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Background Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a common condition in patients with obesity. Bariatric surgery has often been proposed as a viable treatment option, but the ideal surgical procedure remains unclear. Inconsistently, reports on postoperative deterioration of liver function put further doubt on which technique to apply. Aim of this study was to assess the impact of Roux-en-Y-gastric bypass (RYGB) and sleeve gastrectomy (SG) on the postoperative recovery of liver function.Methods A total of 175 patients with obesity that underwent bariatric surgery in our institution were included in this prospective cohort study. BMI, laboratory values, and liver function capacity (using LiMAx) were assessed preoperatively and at 6 and 12 months postoperatively. Generalized linear model (GLM) was performed to determine variables influencing liver function capacity after the operation.Results Prior to operations, 64% of patients presented with a diminished liver function capacity, as measured by LiMAx test. Liver function capacity significantly recovered after 12 months in the SG group (300 mu g/kg/h preop vs. 367 mu g/kg/h postop) but not in the RYGB group (306 mu g/kg/h preop vs. 349 mu g/kg/h). Preoperative factors impeding liver function recovery included type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), weight, male sex, AST/thrombocyte ratio (APRI), and gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT).Conclusion Bariatric surgery, especially sleeve gastrectomy, leads to an improvement of liver function. However, in some patients with T2DM, higher preoperative weight and male sex postoperative deterioration of liver function capacity may occur.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3218-3226
Number of pages9
JournalObesity Surgery
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2021


  • Liver function
  • LiMAx
  • Sleeve gastrectomy
  • Roux-en-Y-gastric bypass
  • Bariatric surgery


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