Comparison of different strategies to decrease negative affect and increase positive affect in women with borderline personality disorder.

G.A. Jacob*, J. Arendt, L. Kolley, C.N. Scheel, K. Bader, K. Lieb, A. Arntz, O. Tüscher

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Background: In this study we compared the effect of different emotion regulation strategies on positive and negative emotions in patients with borderline personality disorder.

Methods: Emotion regulation strategies were a distracting task, individual positive memory imagery, individual soothing imagery, and a neutral comparison condition. During two separate sessions, 17 participants watched either neutral or negative movie segments before using these strategies.

Results: All three strategies influenced emotions into a favorable direction as compared to the neutral comparison condition. The positive memory image increased positive emotions significantly stronger than counting colors and distracting.

Discussion: Different strategies seem to have similar effects in decreasing negative emotions. Positive emotions may be affected in particular by positive and soothing imagery techniques.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)68-73
Number of pages6
JournalBehaviour Research and Therapy
Volume49
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2011

Keywords

  • Emotion dysregulation
  • Emotion regulation
  • Borderline personality disorder
  • EMOTION-REGULATION
  • CHILDHOOD MEMORIES
  • SELF-COMPASSION
  • MENTAL-IMAGERY
  • MOOD
  • THERAPY
  • SUPPRESSION
  • PSYCHOTHERAPY
  • DISTRACTION
  • ANXIETY

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