By numerical simulation, we compare the performance of four speedmeter interferometer configurations with potential application in future gravitational wave detectors. In the absence of optical loss, all four configurations can be adjusted to yield the same sensitivity in a fair comparison. Once we introduce a degree of practicality in the form of lossy optics and mode mismatch, however, the situation changes: the sloshing Sagnac and the speedmeter of Purdue and Chen have almost identical performance showing smaller degradation from the ideal than the speedmeter of Freise and the speedmeter of Miao. In a further step, we show that there is a similar hierarchy in the degree of improvement obtained through the application of 10 dB squeezing to the lossy speedmeters. In this case, the sensitivity of each speedmeter improves, but it is greatest for the sloshing Sagnac and the speedmeter of Purdue and Chen, in particular in the lower part of the target frequency range.
- gravitational wave detector
- 2-PHOTON QUANTUM OPTICS