Comparison of a low Hartmann's procedure with low colorectal anastomosis with and without defunctioning ileostomy after radiotherapy for rectal cancer: results from a national registry

The Dutch surgical colorectal audit group, Harm Rutten

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Abstract

This study used a national registry to compare the outcome after a low Hartmann's procedure (LHP), defined as removal of most of the rectum to leave a short anorectal stump and an end colostomy, and low anterior resection (LA) with or without a diverting ileostomy (DI) in rectal cancer patients all of whom had received preoperative neoadjuvant radiotherapy (RT).Patients who underwent LHP or LA with or without DI for rectal cancer after RT between 2009 and 2013 were identified from the Dutch Surgical Colorectal Audit. The postoperative outcome was compared between the three groups and risk of complications, reoperation and mortality were analysed in a multivariable model.The study included 4288 patients were included, of whom 27.8% underwent LHP, 20.2% LA and 52.0% LA with DI. Thirty-day mortality was higher after LHP (3.2% vs 1.3% and 1.3% for LA with or without DI, P?
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)785-794
JournalColorectal Disease
Volume18
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2016

Keywords

  • Rectal cancer
  • total mesorectal excision
  • low anterior resection
  • end-colostomy
  • radiotherapy

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