Comparative study between supported bimetallic catalysts for nitrate remediation in water

M. Rachini, M. Jaafar*, N. Tabaja, S. Tlais, R. Hamdan, F. Al Ali, O. Haidar, C. Lancelot, M. Kassem, E. Bychkov, L. Tidahy, R. Cousin, D. Dewaele, T. Hamieh*, J. Toufaily*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

As the population grows and the demand for water rises, the development of efficient and sustainable water purification techniques is becoming increasingly important to ensure access to clean and safe water in the future. The pollution of surface and groundwater by nitrate ( NO 3 - {\text{NO}}_{3}<^>{-} ) is a growing global concern due to the rise in nitrogen-rich waste released from agriculture and industry. The removal of nitrate ions from aqueous media using bimetallic catalysts loaded on several supports was studied. Multiwalled carbon nanotubes, activated carbon, titanium dioxide, titanium dioxide/multiwalled carbon nanotubes, and Santa Barbara Amorphous-15 were used as supports to synthesize these bimetallic catalysts. The effects of the support type, supported metal, and catalyst reduction method on the nitrate reduction activity in water were investigated. The catalysts were characterized by X-ray diffraction, fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, Brunauer-Emmett-Teller isotherm, inductively coupled plasma spectroscopy, and field emission gun scanning transmission electron microscope. In terms of nitrate conversion, high-temperature hydrogen reduction of the catalysts was a more effective method of catalyst preparation than NaBH4 reduction. Except for the carbon nanotube-TiO2 composite, pH fixation using CO2 flow improved the efficiency of supported catalysts. The catalysts 1Pd-1Cu/TiO2 and 1Pd-Cu/SBA-15 presented the highest catalytic activity, but the latter was the most selective to nitrogen.
Original languageEnglish
Article number20220303
Number of pages19
JournalOpen Chemistry
Volume21
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 14 Mar 2023

Keywords

  • nitrate reduction
  • bimetallic catalyst
  • SBA-15
  • carbon nanotubes
  • TiO2
  • activated carbon
  • XRD
  • BET
  • SEM
  • FTIR
  • DOPED TIO2 NANOPARTICLES
  • PD-CU
  • ACTIVATED CARBON
  • PALLADIUM CATALYSTS
  • SELECTIVE NITRATE
  • DRINKING-WATER
  • REDUCTION
  • REMOVAL
  • NITRITE
  • DENITRIFICATION

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