Combining bimodal presentation schemes and buzz groups improves clinical reasoning and learning at morning report

Thomas Balslev*, Astrid Bruun Rasmussen, Torjus Skajaa, Jens Peter Nielsen, Arno Muijtjens, Willem De Grave, Jeroen Van Merrienboer

*Corresponding author for this work

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Morning reports offer opportunities for intensive work-based learning. In this controlled study, we measured learning processes and outcomes with the report of paediatric emergency room patients. Twelve specialists and 12 residents were randomised into four groups and discussed the same two paediatric cases. The groups differed in their presentation modality (verbal only vs. verbal vertical bar text) and the use of buzz groups (with vs. without). The verbal interactions were analysed for clinical reasoning processes. Perceptions of learning and judgment of learning were reported in a questionnaire. Diagnostic accuracy was assessed by a 20-item multiple-choice test. Combined bimodal presentation and buzz groups increased the odds ratio of clinical reasoning to occur in the discussion of cases by a factor of 1.90 (p = 0.013), indicating superior reasoning for buzz groups working with bimodal materials. For specialists, a positive effect of bimodal presentation was found on perceptions of learning (p <0.05), and for residents, a positive effect of buzz groups was found on judgment of learning (p <0.005). A positive effect of bimodal presentation on diagnostic accuracy was noted in the specialists (p <0.05). Combined bimodal presentation and buzz group discussion of emergency cases improves clinicians' clinical reasoning and learning.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)759-766
JournalMedical Teacher
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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