Clinical validation of three short forms of the Dutch Wechsler Memory Scale-Fourth Edition (WMS-IV-NL) in a mixed clinical sample

Zita Bouman*, Marc P. H. Hendriks, William M. Van der Veld, Albert P. Aldenkamp, Roy P. C. Kessels

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


The reliability and validity of three short forms of the Dutch version of the Wechsler Memory Scale-Fourth Edition (WMS-IV-NL) were evaluated in a mixed clinical sample of 235 patients. The short forms were based on the WMS-IV Flexible Approach, that is, a 3-subtest combination (Older Adult Battery for Adults) and two 2-subtest combinations (Logical Memory and Visual Reproduction and Logical Memory and Designs), which can be used to estimate the Immediate, Delayed, Auditory and Visual Memory Indices. All short forms showed good reliability coefficients. As expected, for adults (16-69 years old) the 3-subtest short form was consistently more accurate (predictive accuracy ranged from 73% to 100%) than both 2-subtest short forms (range = 61%-80%). Furthermore, for older adults (65-90 years old), the predictive accuracy of the 2-subtest short form ranged from 75% to 100%. These results suggest that caution is warranted when using the WMS-IV-NL Flexible Approach short forms to estimate all four indices.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)386-394
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2016


  • neuropsychology
  • neuropsychological assessment
  • episodic memory
  • test battery
  • prediction
  • Wechsler
  • WMS-IV Flexible Approach

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