Clinical utility of the Wechsler Memory Scale - Fourth Edition (WMS-IV) in patients with intractable temporal lobe epilepsy

Zita Bouman*, Didi Elhorst, Marc P. H. Hendriks, Roy P. C. Kessels, Albert P. Aldenkamp

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Introduction: The Wechsler Memory Scale (WMS) is one of the most widely used test batteries to assess memory functions in patients with brain dysfunctions of different etiologies. This study examined the clinical validation of the Dutch Wechsler Memory Scale-Fourth Edition (WMS-IV-NL) in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). Method: The sample consisted of 75 patients with intractable TLE, who were eligible for epilepsy surgery, and 77 demographically matched healthy controls. All participants were examined with the WMS-IV-NL. Results: Patients with TLE performed significantly worse than healthy controls on all WMS-IV-NL indices and subtests (p <.01), with the exception of the Visual Working Memory Index including its contributing subtests, as well as the subtests Logical Memory I, Verbal Paired Associates I, and Designs II. In addition, patients with mesiotemporal abnormalities performed significantly worse than patients with lateral temporal abnormalities on the subtests Logical Memory I and Designs II and all the indices (p <.05), with the exception of the Auditory Memory Index and Visual Working Memory Index. Patients with either a left or a right temporal focus performed equally on allWMS-IV-NL indices and subtests (F(15, 50) = .70, p = .78), as well as the Auditory-Visual discrepancy score (t(64) = -1.40, p = .17). Conclusion: The WMS-IV-NL is capable of detecting memory problems in patients with TLE, indicating that it is a sufficiently valid memory battery. Furthermore, the findings support previous research showing that the WMS-IV has limited value in identifying material-specific memory deficits in presurgical patients with TLE.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)178-182
JournalEpilepsy & Behavior
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2016


  • Neuropsychological testing
  • Neuropsychological assessment
  • Wechsler
  • Episodic memory
  • Validation
  • Temporal lobe epilepsy

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