Clinical and predictive value of simplified creatinine index used as muscle mass surrogate in end-stage kidney disease haemodialysis patients-results from the international MONitoring Dialysis Outcome initiative

Bernard Canaud*, Xiaoling Ye, Len Usvyat, Jeroen Kooman, Frank van der Sande, Jochen Raimann, Yuedong Wang, Peter Kotanko

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

18 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

Background. Protein-energy wasting, muscle mass (MM) loss and sarcopenia are highly prevalent and associated with poor outcome in haemodialysis (HD) patients. Monitoring of MM and/or muscle metabolism in HD patients is of paramount importance for timely detection of muscle loss and to intervene adequately. In this study we assessed the reliability and reproducibility of a simplified creatinine index (SCI) as a surrogate marker of MM and explored its predictive value on outcome.

Method. We included all in-centre HD patients from 16 European countries with at least one SCI. The baseline period was defined as 30 days before and after the first multifrequency bioimpedance spectroscopy measurement; the subsequent 7 years constituted the follow-up. SCI was calculated by the Canaud equation. Multivariate Cox proportional hazards models were applied to assess the association of SCI with all-cause mortality. Using backward analysis, we explored the trends of SCI before death. Bland-Altman analysis was performed to analyse the agreement between estimated and measured MM.

Results. We included 23 495 HD patients; 3662 were incident. Females and older patients have lower baseline SCI. Higher SCI was associated with a lower risk of mortality [hazard ratio 0.81 (95% confidence interval 0.79-0.82)]. SCI decline accelerated similar to 5-7 months before death. Lean tissue index (LTI) estimated by SCI was correlated with measured LTI in both sexes (males: R-2 = 0.94; females: R-2 = 0.92; both P <0.001). Bland-Altman analysis showed that measured LTI was 4.71 kg/m(2) (62 SD: -12.54-3.12) lower than estimated LTI.

Conclusion. SCI is a simple, easily obtainable and clinically relevant surrogate marker of MM in HD patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2161-2171
Number of pages11
JournalNephrology Dialysis Transplantation
Volume35
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2020

Keywords

  • BIOIMPEDANCE
  • C-REACTIVE PROTEIN
  • INFLAMMATION
  • LEAN BODY-MASS
  • MALNUTRITION
  • MORTALITY
  • NUTRITIONAL-STATUS
  • SERUM-ALBUMIN
  • SURVIVAL
  • X-RAY ABSORPTIOMETRY
  • creatinine
  • haemodialysis
  • lean body mass
  • muscle mass metabolism
  • simplified creatinine index
  • TRANSTHYRETIN

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