Cutaneous squamous cell carcinomas (cSCC) can recur locally and can metastasize. The objective of this study was to identify clinical and histopathological prognostic factors for local recurrence and metastasis in cSCCs at any body site. Clinical and histopathological data were collected from 224 patients with cSCC. During the median follow-up period of 43 months (range 0-73 months) the cumulative probabilities of recurrence-free survival at 1, 2 and 4 years post-treatment were 98.0%, 96.9% and 94.7%, respectively, and for metastasis-free survival 98.1%, 97.0% and 95.9%, respectively. In univariate survival analyses, significant predictors for local recurrence were tumour diameter and tumour thickness. For metastasis this was invasion of deeper structures, location on the ear, poor differentiation, tumour diameter and tumour thickness. In multivariate survival analysis, every millimetre increase in both tumour diameter and tumour thickness were independent predictors for local recurrence as well as for metastasis and, therefore, it is important to report these in patients' files. Defining prognostic variables is important for diagnostic workup, treatment and follow-up for an individual patient.
- skin cancer
- risk factors