CLEC-2 Supports Platelet Aggregation in Mouse but not Human Blood at Arterial Shear

Joshua H Bourne, Christopher W Smith, Natalie J Jooss, Ying Di, Helena C Brown, Samantha J Montague, Mark R Thomas, Natalie S Poulter, Julie Rayes, Steve P Watson*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


C-type lectin-like receptor 2 (CLEC-2) is highly expressed on platelets and a subpopulation of myeloid cells, and is critical in lymphatic development. CLEC-2 has been shown to support thrombus formation at sites of inflammation, but to have a minor/negligible role in hemostasis. This identifies CLEC-2 as a promising therapeutic target in thromboinflammatory disorders, without hemostatic detriment. We utilized a GPIbα-Cre recombinase mouse for more restricted deletion of platelet-CLEC-2 than the previously used PF4-Cre mouse. clec1bfl/flGPIbα-Cre+ mice are born at a Mendelian ratio, with a mild reduction in platelet count, and present with reduced thrombus size post-FeCl3-induced thrombosis, compared to littermates. Antibody-mediated depletion of platelet count in C57BL/6 mice, to match clec1bfl/flGPIbα-Cre+ mice, revealed that the reduced thrombus size post-FeCl3-injury was due to the loss of CLEC-2, and not mild thrombocytopenia. Similarly, clec1bfl/flGPIbα-Cre+ mouse blood replenished with CLEC-2-deficient platelets ex vivo to match littermates had reduced aggregate formation when perfused over collagen at arterial flow rates. In contrast, platelet-rich thrombi formed following perfusion of human blood under flow conditions over collagen types I or III, atherosclerotic plaque, or inflammatory endothelial cells were unaltered in the presence of CLEC-2-blocking antibody, AYP1, or recombinant CLEC-2-Fc. The reduction in platelet aggregation observed in clec1bfl/flGPIbα-Cre+ mice during arterial thrombosis is mediated by the loss of CLEC-2 on mouse platelets. In contrast, CLEC-2 does not support thrombus generation on collagen, atherosclerotic plaque, or inflamed endothelial cells in human at arterial shear.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1988-2000
Number of pages13
JournalThrombosis and Haemostasis
Issue number12
Early online date18 Oct 2022
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022

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