Cholesterol-induced hepatic inflammation does not contribute to the development of insulin resistance in male LDL receptor knockout mice

A. Funke, M. Schreurs, M. Aparicio-Vergara, F. Sheedfar, N. Gruben, N.J. Kloosterhuis, R. Shiri-Sverdlov, A.K. Groen, B. van de Sluis, M. Hofker, D.P. Koonen

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: It is generally assumed that hepatic inflammation in obesity is linked to the pathogenesis of insulin resistance. Several recent studies have shed doubt on this view, which questions the causality of this association. This study focuses on Kupffer cell-mediated hepatic inflammation as a possible driver of insulin resistance in the absence and presence of obesity. METHODS: We used male mice deficient for the low-density lipoprotein receptor (Ldlr(-/-)) and susceptible to cholesterol-induced hepatic inflammation. Whole body and hepatic insulin resistance was measured in mice fed 4 diets for 2 and 15 weeks, i.e., chow, high-fat (HF), HF-cholesterol (HFC; 0.2% cholesterol) and HF without cholesterol (HFnC). Biochemical parameters in plasma and liver were measured and inflammation was determined using immunohistochemistry and RT-PCR. RESULTS: At 2 weeks, we did not find significant metabolic effects in either diet group, except for the mice fed a HFC diet which showed pronounced hepatic inflammation (p < 0.05) but normal insulin sensitivity. At 15 weeks, a significant increase in insulin levels, HOMA-IR, and hepatic insulin resistance was observed in mice fed a HFC, HFnC, and HF diet compared to chow-fed mice (p < 0.05). Regardless of the level of hepatic inflammation (HFC > HF, HFnC; p < 0.05) insulin resistance in mice fed HFC was no worse compared to mice on a HFnC and HF diet. CONCLUSION: These data show that cholesterol-induced hepatic inflammation does not contribute to the development of insulin resistance in male Ldlr(-/-) mice. This study suggests that Kupffer cell-driven hepatic inflammation is a consequence, not a cause, of metabolic dysfunction in obesity.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)390-396
Number of pages7
JournalAtherosclerosis
Volume232
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2014

Keywords

  • Liver
  • Inflammation
  • Obesity
  • Insulin resistance
  • Cholesterol
  • LDLR
  • Kupffer cells
  • DIET-INDUCED OBESITY
  • BETA-CELL DYSFUNCTION
  • HIGH-FAT DIET
  • KUPFFER CELLS
  • DEFICIENT MICE
  • IKK-BETA
  • STEATOSIS
  • LIVER
  • MACROPHAGES
  • SECRETION

Cite this

Funke, A., Schreurs, M., Aparicio-Vergara, M., Sheedfar, F., Gruben, N., Kloosterhuis, N. J., Shiri-Sverdlov, R., Groen, A. K., van de Sluis, B., Hofker, M., & Koonen, D. P. (2014). Cholesterol-induced hepatic inflammation does not contribute to the development of insulin resistance in male LDL receptor knockout mice. Atherosclerosis, 232(2), 390-396. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2013.11.074