Chlamydia trachomatis Coinfection Does Not Influence Mycoplasma genitalium Bacterial Load in Urogenital Samples

J.A.M.C. Dirks, I.H.M. van Loo, N.H.T.M. Dukers-Muijrers, P.F.G. Wolffs*, C.J.P.A. Hoebe

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

BackgroundMycoplasma genitalium (MG) is associated with urethritis in men and weakly associated with pelvic inflammatory disease in women. Mycoplasma genitalium coinfections with Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG) and Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) are commonly reported; however, little is known about their interaction. One study suggested that MG/NG coinfections might increase the bacterial load of NG, which has been shown to have a higher transmission potential. As even less is known about the impact of a simultaneous MG/CT infection, we assessed whether patients with urogenital MG/CT coinfections have a higher bacterial load than patients with a single infection.MethodsThere were 1673 urogenital samples from patients from a population-based chlamydia study, and our sexually transmitted infection clinic tested for both CT and MG. When positive, the load was quantified. Nonparametric tests compared the CT and MG load, and linear regression analyses tested the association of the CT and MG load within a patient.ResultsIn 60 MG-positive patients, MG load ranged from 1.7 to 6.0 log10 copies/ml, similar to the CT load distribution. Only 6 patients were MG-positive and CT-negative, but the MG load distribution was similar to that of CT-positive patients (n.s.). The MG and CT load was unrelated in coinfected persons (n.s.).ConclusionsWe found no correlation between the CT and MG load in urogenital samples, and the MG load distribution was similar in CT-positive and CT-negative patients. These results could have implications for the transmission risk of these infections.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)157-160
Number of pages4
JournalSexually Transmitted Diseases
Volume50
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2023

Keywords

  • REAL-TIME PCR
  • QUANTITATIVE DETECTION
  • ASSOCIATION
  • URETHRITIS
  • MANAGEMENT
  • INFECTION
  • GUIDELINE

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