Characteristics of self-measured home blood pressure in a Nigerian urban community: the NIPREGH study

Augustine N. Odili*, Bolaji Abdullahi, Adaku M. Nwankwo, Kei Asayama, Jan A. Staessen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

5 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

Objective We investigated the characteristics of self-measured home blood pressure (HBP) in a randomly selected population of Nigerians living in Abuja, Nigeria.MethodsHBP was the average of 28 measurements comprising duplicate morning and evening readings obtained over a 7-day period by the participants using a semiautomated oscillometric device. Blood pressure measured five consecutive times by trained observers using mercury sphygmomanometer was averaged as the office blood pressure (OBP).ResultsAmong the 337 participants included in the analysis, 46.6% were women and their mean age (SD) 40.3 (11.3). The mean, mean+2SD and 95th percentile of HBP and OBP were 117/76, 147/96 and 145/93mmHg and 114/73, 147/97 and 142/73mmHg, respectively. The corresponding values in normotensive individuals were 113/73, 137/89 and 132/88mmHg and 108/70, 130/88 and 128/84mmHg. Morning HBPs were significantly higher than that of the evening, with a mean difference (confidence interval) of 1.8mmHg (1.1-2.5mmHg) and 1.9mmHg (1.4-2.3mmHg) for systolic and diastolic pressures, respectively (P
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)260-265
JournalBlood Pressure Monitoring
Volume20
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2015

Keywords

  • blood pressure measurement
  • clinical science
  • home blood pressure
  • hypertension
  • office blood pressure

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