Objective. To investigate the nature of the relationship between proteinase 3 anti-neutrophil cytoplasm autoantibody (PR3-ANCA) and relapse in patients with early systemic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (Wegener's) (GPA).Methods. Clinical data from 16 relapsing and 12 non-relapsing patients with early systemic GPA from a randomised clinical trial were correlated to monthly PR3-ANCA values over 18 months. Each sample was examined using 9 different enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs) to ensure reliability of ANCA results. PR3-ANCA peaks were identified by the highest sum of logarithmic transformation values from all assays in samples after remission.Results. A PR3-ANCA peak was identified in all relapsing and non-relapsing patients and coincided with relapse in all 14 evaluable relapsing patients. The monthly increment before the peak, however, was similar in relapsing and non-relapsing patients in all assays. Increments from remission to peak were higher in relapsing patients in 219 assays. PR3-ANCA values at entry and peak PR3-ANCA values were higher in relapsing patients in 319 and 219 assays, respectively. However, large overlaps of PR3-ANCA values prevented a distinction between relapsing and non-relapsing patients. The median time to reach peak values was 14 months in relapsing and 12 months in non-relapsing patients with scheduled termination of treatment at 12 months.Conclusion. The predictive value for relapses of PR3-ANCA determinations confirm and extend previous reports. Although all relapses were related to PR3-ANCA increases, reduction or withdrawal of immunosuppression without relapse was also related to increases and may explain the lack of predictive value of sequential PR3-ANCA determinations.
|Journal||Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology|
|Publication status||Published - 2013|
- antineutrophil cytoplasmic autoantibodies
- Wegener's granulomatosis
- granulomatosis with polyangiitis (Wegener's)
- disease activity