Changes in Intentions, Planning, and Self-efficacy Predict Changes in Behaviors An Application of Latent True Change Modeling

Tabea Reuter*, Jochen P. Ziegelmann, Amelie U. Wiedemann, Christian Geiser, Sonia Lippke, Benjamin Schuez, Ralf Schwarzer

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Can latent true changes in intention, planning, and self-efficacy account for latent change in two health behaviors (physical activity as well as fruit and vegetable intake)? Baseline data on predictors and behaviors and corresponding follow-up data four weeks later were collected from 853 participants. Interindividual differences in change and change-change associations were analyzed using structural equation modeling. For both behaviors, similar prediction patterns were found: changes in intention and self-efficacy predicted changes in planning, which in turn corresponded to changes in behavior. This evidence confirms that change predicts change, which is an inherent precondition in behavior change theories.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)935-947
JournalJournal of Health Psychology
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2010


  • behavior change
  • latent change modeling
  • planning
  • self-efficacy
  • self-regulation

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