Challenges and opportunities of mesoscopic brain mapping with fMRI

Peter A. Bandettini*, Laurentius Huber, Emily S. Finn

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Layer fMRI, requiring high field, advanced pulse sequences, and sophisticated processing methods, has emerged in the last decade. The rate of layer fMRI papers published has grown sharply as more groups are overcoming the substantial technical challenges and the unique advantages are becoming clear. Rather than simple delineation of functional activation, layer fMRI promises to provide directional activity and connectivity measures as they are inferred by the layer-specific location. This short review highlights the methods used to achieve layer fMRI as well as the challenges in acquisition, processing and interpretation. It emphasizes the utility of extensive individual averaging as well as the extreme difficulty of cross subject averaging. It also highlights recent studies that have explored layer fMRI in cognitive tasks as well as resting state connectivity studies that have revealed cortical hierarchy.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)189-200
Number of pages12
JournalCurrent Opinion in Behavioral Sciences
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2021




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