Certification and farmer organisation: Indonesian smallholder perceptions of benefits

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Both certification and participation in farmer organizations are associated with economic and social benefits for farmers. However, knowledge about potential differences in perceived benefits resulting from participating in different forms of organization and certification schemes is limited. In this paper, we distinguish three types of farmer organizations in the Indonesian coffee sector: farmer groups, cooperatives and KUBEs. We compare the perceived benefits of farmers in these different forms of organization, including unorganized farmers, and of farmers in different certification schemes (i.e., Fairtrade, UTZ certified, Rainforest Alliance, and 4C). We found that certified farmers perceive higher benefits than uncertified farmers, and organized farmers perceive higher benefits than unorganized smallholders. Farmers with a dual membership (for example of a farmer group and a KUBE or cooperative) experience more benefits than farmers who only participate in farmer groups. Although farmers belonging to different certification schemes do significantly differ in their perceived benefits, we could not identify clear patterns based on the different schemes. We
conclude that integration of the different organizational forms, and a more intense collaboration between the different ministries underlying each organizational form, may further improve the benefits perceived by farmers in the Indonesian coffee sector.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)387-415
Number of pages29
JournalBulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies
Volume54
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Keywords

  • coffee certification
  • farmer organisations
  • perceived benefits
  • ordinal logistic model
  • ORGANIC COFFEE PRODUCTION
  • FAIR TRADE CERTIFICATION
  • COLLECTIVE ACTION
  • BURKINA-FASO
  • IMPACT
  • STANDARDS
  • NICARAGUA
  • COOPERATIVES
  • PERFORMANCE
  • GOVERNANCE

Cite this

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title = "Certification and farmer organisation: Indonesian smallholder perceptions of benefits",
abstract = "Both certification and participation in farmer organizations are associated with economic and social benefits for farmers. However, knowledge about potential differences in perceived benefits resulting from participating in different forms of organization and certification schemes is limited. In this paper, we distinguish three types of farmer organizations in the Indonesian coffee sector: farmer groups, cooperatives and KUBEs. We compare the perceived benefits of farmers in these different forms of organization, including unorganized farmers, and of farmers in different certification schemes (i.e., Fairtrade, UTZ certified, Rainforest Alliance, and 4C). We found that certified farmers perceive higher benefits than uncertified farmers, and organized farmers perceive higher benefits than unorganized smallholders. Farmers with a dual membership (for example of a farmer group and a KUBE or cooperative) experience more benefits than farmers who only participate in farmer groups. Although farmers belonging to different certification schemes do significantly differ in their perceived benefits, we could not identify clear patterns based on the different schemes. Weconclude that integration of the different organizational forms, and a more intense collaboration between the different ministries underlying each organizational form, may further improve the benefits perceived by farmers in the Indonesian coffee sector.",
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author = "{Muhammad Ibnu}, {Muhammad Ibnu} and Astrid Offermans and Pieter Glasbergen",
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volume = "54",
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Certification and farmer organisation : Indonesian smallholder perceptions of benefits. / Muhammad Ibnu, Muhammad Ibnu; Offermans, Astrid; Glasbergen, Pieter.

In: Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies, Vol. 54, No. 3, 2018, p. 387-415.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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