Cellulose aerogel micro fibers for drug delivery applications

Matin Rostamitabar, Raman Subrahmanyam, Pavel Gurikov, Gunnar Seide, Stefan Jockenhoevel, Samaneh Ghazanfari*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

Textile engineering can offer a multi-scale toolbox via various fiber or textile fabrication methods to obtain woven or nonwoven aerogels with different structural and mechanical properties to overcome the current limitations of polysaccharide-based aerogels, such as poor mechanical properties and undeveloped shaping techniques. Hereby, a high viscous solution of microcrystalline cellulose and zinc chloride hydrate was wet spun to produce mono and multi-filament alcogel microfibers. Subsequently, cellulose aerogel fibers (CAF) were produced and impregnated with model drugs using supercritical CO2 processes. Fibers were characterized in terms of morphology and textural properties, thermal stability, mechanical properties, and in vitro biological and drug release assessments. Loaded and non-loaded CAFs proved to have a macro-porous outer shell and a nano-porous inner core with interconnected pore structure and a specific area in the range of 100-180 m(2)/g. The CAFs with larger diameter (d similar to 235 mu m) were able to form knitted mesh while lower diameter fibers (d similar to 70 mu m) formed needle punched nonwoven textiles. Humidity and water uptake assessments indicated that the fibrous structures were highly moisture absorbable and non-toxic with immediate drug release profiles due to the highly open interconnected porous structure of the fibers. Finally, CAFs are propitious to be further developed for biomedical applications such as drug delivery and wound care.

Original languageEnglish
Article number112196
Pages (from-to)112196
Number of pages14
JournalMaterials Science & Engineering C-Materials for Biological Applications
Volume127
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2021

Keywords

  • Cellulose aerogel
  • Microfibers
  • Supercritical CO2
  • Wet spinning
  • Drug delivery
  • RELEASE

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