CELL AGGREGATION ENHANCES BONE FORMATION BY HUMAN MESENCHYMAL STROMAL CELLS

A. Chatterjea, V. L. S. LaPointe, A. Barradas, H. Garritsen, H. Yuan, A. Renard, C. A. van Blitterswijk, J. de Boer*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

9 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

The amount of bone generated using current tissue engineering approaches is insufficient for many clinical applications. Previous in vitro studies suggest that culturing cells as 3D aggregates can enhance their osteogenic potential, but the effect on bone formation in vivo is unknown. Here, we use agarose wells to generate uniformly sized mesenchymal stromal cell (MSC) aggregates. When combined with calcium phosphate ceramic particles and a gel prepared from human platelet-rich plasma, we generated a tissue engineered construct that significantly improved in vivo bone forming capacity as compared to the conventional system of using single cells seeded directly on the ceramic surface. Histology demonstrated the reproducibility of this system, which was tested using cells from four different donors. In vitro studies established that MSC aggregation results in an up-regulation of osteogenic transcripts. And finally, the in vivo performance of the constructs was significantly diminished when unaggregated cells were used, indicating that cell aggregation is a potent trigger of in vivo bone formation by MSCs. Cell aggregation could thus be used to improve bone tissue engineering strategies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)121-129
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Cells & Materials
Volume33
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Keywords

  • Bone tissue engineering
  • bone regeneration
  • calcium phosphate
  • mesenchymal stem cell
  • PLATELET-RICH PLASMA
  • IN-VITRO CHONDROGENESIS
  • STEM-CELLS
  • GROWTH-FACTORS
  • ENDOCHONDRAL OSSIFICATION
  • SPHEROID CULTURE
  • ADIPOSE-TISSUE
  • REGENERATION
  • MARROW
  • DEFECTS

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