Care Seeking Behaviour for Children with Suspected Pneumonia in Countries in Sub-Saharan Africa with High Pneumonia Mortality

A.C. Noordam, L. Carvajal-Velez, A.B. Sharkey, M. Young, J.W.L. Cals

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Pneumonia is the leading cause of childhood mortality in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Because effective antibiotic treatment exists, timely recognition of pneumonia and subsequent care seeking for treatment can prevent deaths. For six high pneumonia mortality countries in SSA we examined if children with suspected pneumonia were taken for care, and if so, from which type of care providers, using national survey data of 76530 children. We also assessed factors independently associated with care seeking from health providers, also known as 'appropriate' providers. We report important differences in care seeking patterns across these countries. In Tanzania 85% of children with suspected pneumonia were taken for care, whereas this was only 30% in Ethiopia. Most of the children living in these six countries were taken to a primary health care facility; 86, 68 and 59% in Ethiopia, Tanzania and Burkina Faso respectively. In Uganda, hospital care was sought for 60% of children. 16-18% of children were taken to a private pharmacy in Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Tanzania and Nigeria. In Tanzania, children from the richest households were 9.5 times (CI 2.3-39.3) more likely to be brought for care than children from the poorest households, after controlling for the child's age, sex, caregiver's education and urban-rural residence. The influence of the age of a child, when controlling for sex, urban-rural residence, education and wealth, shows that the youngest children (

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0117919
Number of pages14
JournalPLOS ONE
Volume10
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 23 Feb 2015

Keywords

  • ACUTE RESPIRATORY-INFECTIONS
  • HEALTH-CARE
  • CHILDHOOD ILLNESS
  • HOUSEHOLD SURVEY
  • CASE-MANAGEMENT
  • COMMUNITY
  • TANZANIA
  • DIARRHEA
  • MALARIA
  • DETERMINANTS

Cite this