Care Dependency Independently Predicts Two-Year Survival in Outpatients With Advanced Chronic Organ Failure

D.J.A. Janssen*, E.F.M. Wouters, J.M.G.A. Schols, M.A. Spruit

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Objective: Previous studies suggest that care dependency may predict survival in hospitalized patients, but the prognostic value of care dependency in clinically stable outpatients with advanced chronic organ failure remains unknown. The objective of this study was to assess whether and to what extent care dependency predicts 2-year survival in patients with advanced chronic organ failure. Design: Longitudinal observational study. Setting: Patients were recruited at the outpatient clinic of one academic and six general hospitals in the Netherlands. Participants: A total of 265 clinically stable outpatients with advanced chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (n = 105), chronic heart failure (n = 80), and chronic renal failure (n = 80) were included at baseline. Measurements: Care dependency was assessed using the Care Dependency Scale (CDS), a 15-item self-administered questionnaire. In addition, patients performed a Timed Up and Go test to assess mobility. Finally, demographics, clinical characteristics, and 2-year survival were recorded. Results: At baseline, 116 patients (43.8%) reported a CDS score
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)194-198
JournalJournal of the American Medical Directors Association
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2013

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