Carbon dioxide inhalation as a human experimental model of panic: The relationship between emotions and cardiovascular physiology

Nicole K. Leibold*, Wolfgang Viechtbauer, Liesbet Goossens, Klara De Cort, Eric J. Griez, Inez Myin-Germeys, Harry W. M. Steinbusch, Daniel L. A. van den Hove, Koen R. J. Schruers

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

23 Citations (Web of Science)
59 Downloads (Pure)
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)331-340
JournalBiological Psychology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2013


  • Fear
  • Anxiety
  • CO2
  • Blood pressure
  • Heart rate

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