Campylobacter jejuni: Enterocolitis and myopericarditis

Becker S. N. Alzand*, M. Ilhan, Wilfred F. Heesen, Joan G Meeder

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

9 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

Campylobacter jejuni enteritis is the commonest enteric infection in the developed world. There are only few reported cases in the medical literature of cardiac complications associated with C. jejuni enterocolitis, most of the patients in the reported literature were males and most of the cases followed a benign course. Severe left ventricular dysfunction complicated only two cases of C. jejuni myocarditis. We report here a young male with Campylobacter myopericarditis. We believe that this is the first reported case of Campylobacter associated myopericarditis in The Netherlands. The mechanism by which Campylobacter causes myo(peri) carditis remains uncertain, it may be caused by direct bacterial invasion of cardiac tissue, bacterial toxins, circulating immune complexes, or cytotoxic T-cells. Since the number of C. jejuni infection is increasing worldwide, cardiac complications, although rare, are a remarkable manifestation of this pathogen and should be always kept in mind.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)E14-E16
JournalInternational Journal of Cardiology
Volume144
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 24 Sep 2010

Keywords

  • Campylobacter
  • Myocarditis
  • Pericarditis
  • Myopericarditis

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