C5b9 Formation on Endothelial Cells Reflects Complement Defects among Patients with Renal Thrombotic Microangiopathy and Severe Hypertension

Sjoerd A. M. E. G. Timmermans, Myrurgia A. Abdul-Hamid, Judith Potjewijd, Ruud O. M. F. I. H. Theunissen, Jan G. M. C. Damoiseaux, Chris P. Reutelingsperger, Pieter van Paassen*, Limburg Renal Registry

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

Background Severe hypertension can induce thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA) in the renal vasculature, the occurrence of which has been linked to mechanical stress to the endothelium. Complement defects may be the culprit of disease in patients who present with severe renal disease and often progress to ESRD, despite BP control.Methods We studied a well defined cohort of 17 patients with hypertension-associated TMA to define the prevalence of complement defects by a specific ex vivo serum-based microvascular endothelial cell assay.Results Compared with normal human serum and samples from patients with hypertensive arterionephrosclerosis, 14 of 16 (87.5%) serum samples collected at presentation from 16 patients with hypertension-associated TMA induced abnormal C5b9 formation on microvascular endothelial cells. We detected rare variants in complement genes in eight of 17 (47%) patients. ESRD occurred in 14 of 17 (82%) patients, and recurrent TMA after transplant occurred in seven of 11 (64%) donor kidneys. Eculizumab improved the renal function in three patients and prevented TMA recurrence in an allograft recipient.Conclusions These observations point to complement defects as the key causative factor of ESRD and recurrent TMA after transplant in patients presenting with severe hypertension. Complement defects can be identified by measurements of complement activation on microvascular endothelial cells, which should substantially influence treatment and prognosis.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2234-2243
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of the American Society of Nephrology
Volume29
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2018

Keywords

  • hemolytic uremic syndrome
  • complement
  • hypertension
  • renal biopsy
  • HEMOLYTIC-UREMIC SYNDROME
  • MALIGNANT HYPERTENSION
  • CLINICAL PHENOTYPE
  • C3 GLOMERULOPATHY
  • PERFECT STORM
  • FACTOR-I
  • AHUS
  • ECULIZUMAB
  • MUTATIONS
  • ACTIVATION

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