Branching out: CRT beyond current concepts

Nienke Juliëtte Verzaal

Research output: ThesisDoctoral ThesisInternal

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Patients suffering from heart failure and delay in electrical activation of the heart can be treated with cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). This treatment restores the synchronous contraction of the two large cardiac chambers (ventricles) using a pacemaker. In this PhD thesis some relatively unexplored facets of CRT are investigated.

One of these facets concerns the effects of CRT on electrical recovery of the cardiac cells (repolarization). A good and more or less simultaneous repolarization is important in the prevention of arrhythmias.

Measurements in patients showed that important changes in the part of the electrocardiogram that represents repolarization already occurred within two weeks of starting CRT. Using a computer model, we demonstrated that these changes were indicative of more simultaneous repolarization. Moreover, we found that a bigger change in repolarization was linked to a larger improvement in cardiac function.

These results can contribute to (research into) better treatment of patients with heart failure.
Original languageEnglish
Awarding Institution
  • Maastricht University
  • Prinzen, Frits, Supervisor
  • Delhaas, Tammo, Supervisor
  • van Deursen, Caroline J. M., Co-Supervisor, External person
Award date10 May 2021
Place of PublicationMaastricht
Print ISBNs9789464165203
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • Cardiac resynchronization therapy
  • repolarization
  • structural mitral regurgitation
  • Tetralogy of Fallot

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