BPPV Simulation: A Powerful Tool to Understand and Optimize the Diagnostics and Treatment of all Possible Variants of BPPV

A. Bhandari*, H. Kingma, R. Bhandari*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


BPPV is a mechanical disorder caused by the displacement of otolith debris into the semicircular canals. The treatment involves different repositioning maneuvers to bring the debris back into the utricle. This study aims to show how dynamic simulation models based on fluid dynamics and MRI, can help to visualize and understand the movement of the debris within the canals during head movement in 3D as a function of time. The user can define the rotation angle and plane at each step of the maneuver and then the model visualizes the canal and the otoconial movement in 3D. The simulation developed also allows alteration of various parameters like the rotational head acceleration, the duration of each step of the maneuver, the initial position of the otoconial debris in the canal, the size and the number of the particles and fluid dynamics of endolymph. The clod movement is visualized in such a way that it allows a better understanding of the impact and efficacy of various liberation maneuvers and why certain maneuvers might fail when not applied properly in the clinic. The model allows simulation of multi-canal BPPV. In this paper we demonstrate the power of the model applied on the maneuvers of Semont and Yacovino when executed in different ways. The model aims to provide a visual explanation for the need of specific maneuvers for each type of BPPV. The simulator presented here can be used to test the efficacy of existing maneuvers and help in the development of new maneuvers to treat different BPPV variants.
Original languageEnglish
Article number632286
Number of pages6
JournalFrontiers in Neurology
Publication statusPublished - 26 Mar 2021


  • 3D
  • BPPV
  • maneuver
  • otolith
  • rotation angle
  • semont
  • simulation
  • yacovino

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