Bone formation induced by strontium modified calcium phosphate cement in critical-size metaphyseal fracture defects in ovariectomized rats

Ulrich Thormann, Seemun Ray, Ursula Sommer, Thaqif ElKhassawna, Tanja Rehling, Marvin Hundgeburth, Anja Henss, Marcus Rohnke, Juergen Janek, Katrin S. Lips, Christian Heiss, Gudrun Schlewitz, Gabor Szalay, Matthias Schumacher, Michael Gelinsky, Reinhard Schnettler, Volker Alt*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


The first objective was to investigate new bone formation in a critical-size metaphyseal defect in the femur of ovariectomized rats filled with a strontium modified calcium phosphate cement (SrCPC) compared to calcium phosphate cement (CPC) and empty defects. Second, detection of strontium release from the materials as well as calcium and collagen mass distribution in the fracture defect should be targeted by time of flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (TOF-SIMS). 45 female Sprague Dawley rats were randomly assigned to three different treatment groups: (1) SrCPC (n = 15), (2) CPC (n = 15), and (3) empty defect (n = 15). Bilateral ovariectomy was performed and three months after multi-deficient diet, the left femur of all animals underwent a 4 mm wedge-shaped metaphyseal osteotomy that was internally fixed with a T-shaped plate. The defect was then either filled with SrCPC or CPC or was left empty. After 6 weeks, histomorphometric analysis showed a statistically significant increase in bone formation of SrCPC compared to CPC (p = 0.005) and the empty defect (p = 0.002) in the former fracture defect zone. Furthermore, there was a statistically significant higher bone formation at the tissue implant interface in the SrCPC group compared to the CPC group (p < 0.0001). These data were confirmed by immunohistochemistry revealing an increase in bone-morphogenic protein 2, osteocalcin and osteoprotegerin expression and a statistically significant higher gene expression of alkaline phosphatase, collagen10a1 and osteocalcin in the SrCPC group compared to CPC. TOF-SIMS analysis showed a high release of Sr from the SrCPC into the interface region in this area compared to CPC suggesting that improved bone formation is attributable to the released Sr from the SrCPC. (C) 2013 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8589-8598
Number of pages10
Issue number34
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes

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