Body composition in classical galactosaemia has not been studied. Patients with classical galactosaemia, an inherited disorder of galactose metabolism caused by deficiency of galactose-1-phosphate uridyltransferase (GALT, EC 126.96.36.199), might be at risk for an abnormal body composition because of intrinsic factors related to galactosaemia and/or diet-related factors. The aim of this study was to evaluate the body composition of children with classical galactosaemia. The studied population was a previously reported group of classical galactosaemia patients (13 male and 27 female, ages 3-17 years) with decreased height, weight, weight-for-height and insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) Z-scores. Body composition data were obtained by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). In order to correct for height, fat mass (FM) and lean tissue mass (LTM) were divided by squared height. Mid-parental target height Z-scores were assessed and compared to actual height Z-scores. Linear and multiple regression analysis were done to investigate the relationship between body composition and IGF-I, dietary intake and growth data. We found decreased height Z-scores when compared to mid-parental target height Z-scores. Mean scores for FM and LTM (both adjusted for height) were decreased. LTM (adjusted for height) and height Z-score were correlated with IGF-I Z-score. FM (adjusted for height) was correlated with soy intake. No correlation was found between soy intake and IGF-I Z-score. In this limited group of patients, height is decreased and body composition is abnormal. The decreased levels of IGF-I and/or soy nutrition might play a role in these findings.