Body appreciation in British men: Correlates and variation across sexual orientation

Jessica M Alleva, Nicole Paraskeva, Nadia Craddock, Phillippa C Diedrichs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Investigations of positive body image among men and across various social identities are lacking, and could contribute to a more complete understanding of the construct, including how positive body image can be improved. This study addressed this gap by investigating correlates of body appreciation - a key facet of positive body image - in men, and testing whether levels of body appreciation vary across sexual orientation. Data from a British community sample of 439 men (M-age = 39.13) showed that body appreciation inversely correlated with conformity to masculine norms and upward appearance-based social comparisons, and positively correlated with physical activity. Body appreciation was lower among sexual minority compared to heterosexual men, and athletic appearance-ideal internalisation and upward appearance-based social comparisons mediated this relationship. Replicating prior research among men, body appreciation positively correlated with body satisfaction, and inversely correlated with perceived appearance pressures from media and eating pathology. These findings have implications for interventions addressing body image among men. (C) 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)169-178
Number of pages10
JournalBody Image
Volume27
Early online date4 Oct 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2018

Keywords

  • Appearance-ideal internalisation
  • COLLEGE-WOMEN
  • COSMETIC SURGERY SCALE
  • DRIVE
  • GAY
  • IMAGE CONCERNS
  • MASCULINE NORMS
  • MUSCULARITY
  • Men
  • PSYCHOMETRIC EVALUATION
  • Positive body image
  • SCALE-2 ITEM REFINEMENT
  • SELF-OBJECTIFICATION
  • Sexual orientation
  • Social comparison
  • Exercise/psychology
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Personal Satisfaction
  • Body Image/psychology
  • Sexuality/psychology
  • Defense Mechanisms
  • Adult

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