Blood Pressure Load Does Not Add to Ambulatory Blood Pressure Level for Cardiovascular Risk Stratification

Yan Li, Lutgarde Thijs, Jose Boggia, Kei Asayama, Tine W. Hansen, Masahiro Kikuya, Kristina Bjorklund-Bodegard, Takayoshi Ohkubo, Jorgen Jeppesen, Christian Torp-Pedersen, Eamon Dolan, Tatiana Kuznetsova, Katarzyna Stolarz-Skrzypek, Valerie Tikhonoff, Sofia Malyutina, Edoardo Casiglia, Yuri Nikitin, Lars Lind, Edgardo Sandoya, Kalina Kawecka-JaszczJan Filipovsky, Yutaka Imai, Hans Ibsen, Eoin O'Brien, Jiguang Wang, Jan A. Staessen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Experts proposed blood pressure (BP) load derived from 24-hour ambulatory BP recordings as a more accurate predictor of outcome than level, in particular in normotensive people. We analyzed 8711 subjects (mean age, 54.8 years; 47.0% women) randomly recruited from 10 populations. We expressed BP load as percentage (%) of systolic/diastolic readings 135/85 mm Hg and 120/70 mm Hg during day and night, respectively, or as the area under the BP curve (mm Hgxh) using the same ceiling values. During a period of 10.7 years (median), 1284 participants died and 1109 experienced a fatal or nonfatal cardiovascular end point. In multivariable-adjusted models, the risk of cardiovascular complications gradually increased across deciles of BP level and load (P
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)925-933
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 2014


  • ambulatory blood pressure monitoring
  • epidemiology
  • risk factors


Dive into the research topics of 'Blood Pressure Load Does Not Add to Ambulatory Blood Pressure Level for Cardiovascular Risk Stratification'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this