Blood Pressure During Endovascular Treatment Under Conscious Sedation or Local Anesthesia

Noor Samuels*, Rob A. van de Graaf, Carlijn A. L. van den Berg, Daan Nieboer, Ismail Eralp, Kilian M. Treurniet, Bart J. Emmer, Rogier Immink, Charles B. L. M. Majoie, Wim H. van Zwam, Reinoud P. H. Bokkers, Maarten Uyttenboogaart, Boudewijn A. A. M. van Hasselt, Jorg Muhling, James F. Burke, Bob Roozenbeek, Aad van der Lugt, Diederik W. J. Dippel, Hester F. Lingsma, Adriaan C. G. M. van EsMR CLEAN Registry Investigators

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

8 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

Objective To evaluate the role of blood pressure (BP) as mediator of the effect of conscious sedation (CS) compared to local anesthesia (LA) on functional outcome after endovascular treatment (EVT). Methods Patients treated in the Multicenter Randomized Clinical Trial of Endovascular Treatment for Acute Ischemic Stroke in the Netherlands (MR CLEAN) Registry centers with CS or LA as preferred anesthetic approach during EVT for ischemic stroke were analyzed. First, we evaluated the effect of CS on area under the threshold (AUT), relative difference between baseline and lowest procedural mean arterial pressure ( increment LMAP), and procedural BP trend, compared to LA. Second, we assessed the association between BP and functional outcome (modified Rankin Scale [mRS]) with multivariable regression. Lastly, we evaluated whether BP explained the effect of CS on mRS. Results In 440 patients with available BP data, patients treated under CS (n = 262) had larger AUTs (median 228 vs 23 mm Hg*min), larger increment LMAP (median 16% vs 6%), and a more negative BP trend (-0.22 vs -0.08 mm Hg/min) compared to LA (n = 178). Larger increment LMAP and AUTs were associated with worse mRS (adjusted common odds ratio [acOR] per 10% drop 0.87, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.78-0.97, and acOR per 300 mm Hg*min 0.89, 95% CI 0.82-0.97). Patients treated under CS had worse mRS compared to LA (acOR 0.59, 95% CI 0.40-0.87) and this association remained when adjusting for increment LMAP and AUT (acOR 0.62, 95% CI 0.42-0.92). Conclusions Large BP drops are associated with worse functional outcome. However, BP drops do not explain the worse outcomes in the CS group.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)E171-E181
Number of pages11
JournalNeurology
Volume96
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 12 Jan 2021

Keywords

  • ACUTE ISCHEMIC-STROKE
  • CARE
  • EVENTS
  • GENERAL-ANESTHESIA
  • INTRAOPERATIVE HYPOTENSION
  • MANAGEMENT
  • OUTCOMES
  • THERAPY
  • THROMBECTOMY
  • STATEMENT

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