Biomimetic Scaffolds Obtained by Electrospinning of Collagen-Based Materials: Strategies to Hinder the Protein Denaturation

G. Montalbano, C. Tomasina, S. Fiorilli, S. Camarero-Espinosa, C. Vitale-Brovarone*, L. Moroni

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

3 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

The use of biomaterials and scaffolds to boost bone regeneration is increasingly gaining interest as a complementary method to the standard surgical and pharmacological treatments in case of severe injuries and pathological conditions. In this frame, the selection of biomaterials and the accurate assessment of the manufacturing procedures are considered key factors in the design of constructs able to resemble the features of the native tissue and effectively induce specific cell responses. Accordingly, composite scaffolds based on type-I-collagen can mimic the composition of bone extracellular matrix (ECM), while electrospinning technologies can be exploited to produce nanofibrous matrices to resemble its architectural organization. However, the combination of collagen and electrospinning reported several complications due to the frequent denaturation of the protein and the variability of results according to collagen origin, concentration, and solvent. In this context, the strategies optimized in this study enabled the preparation of collagen-based electrospun scaffolds characterized by about 100 nm fibers, preserving the physico-chemical properties of the protein thanks to the use of an acetic acid-based solvent. Moreover, nanoparticles of mesoporous bioactive glasses were combined with the optimized collagen formulation, proving the successful design of composite scaffolds resembling the morphological features of bone ECM at the nanoscale.
Original languageEnglish
Article number4360
Number of pages13
JournalMaterials
Volume14
Issue number16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2021

Keywords

  • biomimetic scaffolds
  • electrospinning
  • type I collagen
  • hybrid formulations
  • bone tissue engineering
  • MESOPOROUS BIOACTIVE GLASSES
  • BIOMEDICAL APPLICATIONS
  • MECHANICAL-PROPERTIES
  • EXTRACELLULAR-MATRIX
  • NANOFIBERS
  • DELIVERY

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