Biomechanical competence of six different bone screws for reconstructive surgery in three different transplants: Fibular, iliac crest, scapular and artificial bone

Arnold P. Pietsch, Stefan Raith, Jan-Eric Ode, Jan Teichmann, Bernd Lethaus, Stephan C. Moehlhenrich, Frank Hoelzle, Georg N. Duda, Timm Steiner*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


The goal of this study was to determine a combination of screw and transplantation type that offers optimal primary stability for reconstructive surgery. Fibular, iliac crest, and scapular transplants were tested along with artificial bone substrate. Six different kinds of bone screws (Medartis(?)) were compared, each type utilized with one of six specimens from human transplants (n?=?6). Controlled screw-in-tests were performed and the required torque was protocolled. Subsequently, pull-out-tests were executed to determine the retention forces. The artificial bone substitute material showed significantly higher retention forces than real bone samples. The self-drilling screws achieved the significantly highest retention values in the synthetic bone substitute material. Cancellous screws achieved the highest retention in the fibular transplants, while self-drilling and cancellous screws demonstrated better retention than cortical screws in the iliac crest. In the scapular graft, no significant differences were found between the screw types. In comparison to the human transplant types, the cortical screws showed the significantly highest values in the fibula and the lowest values in the iliac crest. The best retention was found in the combination of cancellous screws with fibular graft (514.8?N?+?-252.3?N). For the flat bones (i.e., scapular and illiac crest) we recommend the cancellous screws. European Association for Cranio-Maxillo-Facial Surgery.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)689-696
JournalJournal of Cranio-Maxillofacial Surgery
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2016


  • Bone screw
  • Transplantation
  • Fibular graft
  • Iliac crest
  • Scapular graft
  • Biomechanics

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