Biogas technology diffusion and shortfalls in the central and greater Accra regions of Ghana

M. Osei-Marfo*, E. Awuah, N. K. de Vries

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


The current status of biogas technology in Ghana, a developing country, was explored focusing on factors affecting dissemination of the technology and the associated challenges. Data collection was by personal interview and physical observations, and was conducted between July and October 2017. Non-probabilistic sampling procedures were used to select 61 respondents from 162 users, while 54 digesters were selected from 120 digester sites. The findings revealed that: initial installation and maintenance costs appear high; the needs of most biogas users had not been fully met, thus, they were only partially satisfied with the outcome of the technology; and 21% of the biogas service providers were engineers and 79% from other disciplines (plumbers, masons, carpenters, and graduates from arts, social sciences, business, etc.). These factors affect technology diffusion. In addition, bottlenecks for more intense use of biogas technology that need to be addressed include lack of government subsidies or financial support, poor or unstandardized digester design, lack of gas production, lack of follow-up, lack of maintenance, lack of monitoring, and market value for bio-fertiliser (digestate). It is recommended that financial institutions support individuals and institutions with soft loans to acquire biogas digesters/plants, and that a regulatory body be formed for the activities of biogas service providers in developing countries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)932-946
Number of pages15
JournalWater Practice and Technology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2018


  • biogas technology
  • diffusion
  • digester
  • Ghana
  • investment

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