Biodegradable Flame Retardants for Biodegradable Polymer

Muhammad Maqsood, Gunnar Seide*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

15 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

To improve sustainability of polymers and to reduce carbon footprint, polymers from renewable resources are given significant attention due to the developing concern over environmental protection. The renewable materials are progressively used in many technical applications instead of short-term-use products. However, among other applications, the flame retardancy of such polymers needs to be improved for technical applications due to potential fire risk and their involvement in our daily life. To overcome this potential risk, various flame retardants (FRs) compounds based on conventional and non-conventional approaches such as inorganic FRs, nitrogen-based FRs, halogenated FRs and nanofillers were synthesized. However, most of the conventional FRs are non-biodegradable and if disposed in the landfill, microorganisms in the soil or water cannot degrade them. Hence, they remain in the environment for long time and may find their way not only in the food chain but can also easily attach to any airborne particle and can travel distances and may end up in freshwater, food products, ecosystems, or even can be inhaled if they are present in the air. Furthermore, it is not a good choice to use non-biodegradable FRs in biodegradable polymers such as polylactic acid (PLA). Therefore, the goal of this review paper is to promote the use of biodegradable and bio-based compounds for flame retardants used in polymeric materials.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1038
Number of pages21
JournalBiomolecules
Volume10
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2020

Keywords

  • polylactic acid
  • biodegradability
  • sustainability
  • renewable resources
  • POLY(LACTIC ACID) FIBER
  • THERMAL-STABILITY
  • AMMONIUM POLYPHOSPHATE
  • MECHANICAL-PROPERTIES
  • COMBUSTION PROPERTIES
  • FIRE RETARDANCY
  • PHOSPHORUS
  • POLYLACTIDE
  • NANOCOMPOSITES
  • BEHAVIOR

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