Bilateral implantation of+2.5 D multifocal intraocular lens and contralateral implantation of+2.5 D and+3.0 D multifocal intraocular lenses: Clinical outcomes

Rudy M. M. A. Nuijts, Soraya M. R. Jonker*, Robert A. Kaufer, Ruth Lapid-Gortzak, Javier Mendicute, Cristina Peris Martinez, Stefanie Schmickler, Thomas Kohnen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

PURPOSE: To assess the clinical visual outcomes of bilateral implantation of Restor +2.5 diopter (D) multifocal intraocular lenses (IOLs) and contralateral implantation of a Restor +2.5 D multi focal IOL in the dominant eye and Restor +3.0 D multifocal IOL in the fellow eye. SETTING: Multicenter study at 8 investigative sites. DESIGN: Prospective randomized parallel-group patient-masked 2-arm study. METHODS: This study comprised adults requiring bilateral cataract extraction followed by multi focal IOL implantation. The primary endpoint was corrected intermediate visual acuity (CIVA) at 60 cm, and the secondary endpoint was corrected near visual acuity (CNVA) at 40 cm. Both end-points were measured 3 months after implantation with a noninferiority margin of Delta = 0.1 logMAR. RESULTS: In total, 103 patients completed the study (53 bilateral, 50 contralateral). At 3 months, the mean CIVA at 60 cm was 0.13 IogMAR and 0.10 logMAR in the bilateral group and contralateral group, respectively (difference 0.04 logMAR), achieving noninferiority. Noninferiority was not attained for CNVA at 40 cm; mean values at 3 months for bilateral and contralateral implantation were 0.26 logMAR and 0.11 IogMAR, respectively (difference 0.15 logMAR). Binocular defocus curves suggested similar performance in distance vision between the 2 groups. Treatment emergent ocular adverse events rates were similar between the groups. CONCLUSION: Bilateral implantation of the +2.5 D multifocal IOL resulted in similar distance as contralateral implantation of the +2.5 D multifocal IOL and +3.0 D multifocal IOL for intermediate vision (60 cm), while noninferiority was not achieved for near distances (40 cm).
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)194-202
JournalJournal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
Volume42
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2016

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