Biallelic Variants in the COLGALT1 Gene Causes Severe Congenital Porencephaly: A Case Report

M.W.A. Teunissen, E.J. Kamsteeg, S.C.E.H. Sallevelt, M. Pennings, N.J.C. Bauer, R.J. Vermeulen, J. Nicolai*

*Corresponding author for this work

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ObjectiveWe describe a third patient with brain small vessel disease 3 (BSVD3), being the first with a homozygous essential splice site variant in the COLGALT1 gene, with a more severe phenotype than the 2 children reported earlier.MethodsAnalysis of whole exome sequencing (WES) data of the child and parents was performed. We validated the missplicing of the homozygous variant using reverse transcription PCR and Sanger sequencing of the mRNA in a lymphocyte culture.ResultsThe patient presented antenatally with porencephaly on ultrasound and MRI. Postnatally, he showed a severe developmental delay, refractory epilepsy, spastic quadriplegia, and a progressive hydrocephalus. WES revealed a homozygous canonical splice site variant NM_024656.3:c.625-2A>C. PCR and Sanger sequencing of the mRNA demonstrated that 2 cryptic splice sites are activated, causing a frameshift in the major transcript and in-frame deletion in a minor transcript.ConclusionsWe report a third patient with biallelic pathogenic variants in COLGALT1, confirming the role of this gene in autosomal recessive BSVD3.
Original languageEnglish
Article number564
Number of pages5
JournalNeurology. Genetics
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2021



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