Biallelic PRMT7 pathogenic variants are associated with a recognizable syndromic neurodevelopmental disorder with short stature, obesity, and craniofacial and digital abnormalities

Elisa Cali, Mohnish Suri, Marcello Scala, Matteo P Ferla, Shahryar Alavi, Eissa Ali Faqeih, Emilia K Bijlsma, Kristen M Wigby, Diana Baralle, Mohammad Y V Mehrjardi, Jennifer Schwab, Konrad Platzer, Katharina Steindl, Mais Hashem, Marilyn Jones, Dmitriy M Niyazov, Jennifer Jacober, Rebecca Okashah Littlejohn, Denisa Weis, Neda ZadehLance Rodan, Alice Goldenberg, François Lecoquierre, Marina Dutra-Clarke, Gabriella Horvath, Dana Young, Naama Orenstein, Shahad Bawazeer, Anneke T Vulto-van Silfhout, Yvan Herenger, Mohammadreza Dehghani, Seyed Mohammad Seyedhassani, Amir Bahreini, Mahya E Nasab, A Gulhan Ercan-Sencicek, Zahra Firoozfar, Mojtaba Movahedinia, Stephanie Efthymiou, Pasquale Striano, Ehsan Ghayoor Karimiani, Vincenzo Salpietro, Jenny C Taylor, Melody Redman, Alexander P A Stegmann, Andreas Laner, Ghada Abdel-Salam, Megan Li, Mario Bengala, Amelie Johanna Müller, Maria C Digilio, Author collaboration, Reza Maroofian*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

PURPOSE: Protein arginine methyltransferase 7 (PRMT7) is a member of a family of enzymes that catalyzes the methylation of arginine residues on several protein substrates. Biallelic pathogenic PRMT7 variants have previously been associated with a syndromic neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by short stature, brachydactyly, intellectual developmental disability, and seizures. To our knowledge, no comprehensive study describes the detailed clinical characteristics of this syndrome. Thus, we aim to delineate the phenotypic spectrum of PRMT7-related disorder.

METHODS: We assembled a cohort of 51 affected individuals from 39 different families, gathering clinical information from 36 newly described affected individuals and reviewing data of 15 individuals from the literature.

RESULTS: The main clinical characteristics of the PRMT7-related syndrome are short stature, mild to severe developmental delay/intellectual disability, hypotonia, brachydactyly, and distinct facial morphology, including bifrontal narrowing, prominent supraorbital ridges, sparse eyebrows, short nose with full/broad nasal tip, thin upper lip, full and everted lower lip, and a prominent or squared-off jaw. Additional variable findings include seizures, obesity, nonspecific magnetic resonance imaging abnormalities, eye abnormalities (i.e., strabismus or nystagmus), and hearing loss.

CONCLUSION: This study further delineates and expands the molecular, phenotypic spectrum and natural history of PRMT7-related syndrome characterized by a neurodevelopmental disorder with skeletal, growth, and endocrine abnormalities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)135-142
Number of pages8
JournalGenetics in Medicine
Volume25
Issue number1
Early online date17 Nov 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2023

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