Beyond the drugs: nonpharmacologic strategies to optimize procedural care in children

Piet L. Leroy*, Luciane R. Costa, Dimitris Emmanouil, Alice van Beukering, Linda S. Franck

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

13 Citations (Web of Science)
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S1-S13
JournalCurrent Opinion in Anesthesiology
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2016


  • nonpharmacological strategies
  • procedural comfort
  • family-centered care procedure-related distress
  • age-appropriate communication

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