Benefits of simultaneous bilateral cochlear implantation on verbal reasoning skills in prelingually deaf children

Evi Jacobs, Margreet C. Langereis*, Johan H. M. Frijns, Rolien H. Free, Andre Goedegebure, Cas Smits, Robert J. Stokroos, Saskia A. M. Ariens-Meijer, Emmanuel A. M. Mylanus, Anneke M. Vermeulen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

21 Citations (Web of Science)


Background: Impaired auditory speech perception abilities in deaf children with hearing aids compromised their verbal intelligence enormously. The availability of unilateral cochlear implantation (Cl) auditory speech perception and spoken vocabulary enabled them to reach near ageappropriate levels. This holds especially for children in spoken language environments. However, speech perception in complex listening situations and the acquisition of complex verbal skills remains difficult. Bilateral Cl was expected to enhance the acquisition of verbal intelligence by improved understanding of speech in noise. Methods: This study examined the effect of bilateral Cl on verbal intelligence of 49 deaf children (3;5-8;0 years). Relations between speech perception in noise, auditory short-term memory and verbal intelligence were analysed with multiple linear regressions. In addition, the interaction of educational setting, mainstream or special, on these relations was analysed. Results: Children with bilateral CI obtained higher scores on verbal intelligence. Significant associations were present between speech perception in noise, auditory short-term memory and verbal intelligence. Conclusion: Children with simultaneous bilateral CIs showed better speech perception in noise than children with unilateral CIs, which mediated by the auditory short-term memory capacity, enhanced the ability to acquire more complex verbal skills for BICI children in mainstream education.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)104-113
JournalResearch in Developmental Disabilities
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2016


  • Hearing impairment
  • Cochlear implant
  • Children
  • Verbal intelligence
  • Speech perception

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