Beneficial Effects of Pre-operative Exercise Therapy in Patients with an Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm: A Systematic Review

S. Pouwels, E.M. Willigendael, M.R.H.M. van Sambeek, S.W. Nienhuijs, P.W.M. Cuypers, J.A.W. Teijink

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: The impact of post-operative complications in abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) surgery is substantial, and increases with age and concomitant co-morbidities. This systematic review focuses on the possible effects of pre-operative exercise therapy (PET) in patients with AAA on post-operative complications, aerobic capacity, physical fitness, and recovery. METHODS: A systematic search on PET prior to AAA surgery was conducted. The methodological quality of the included studies was rated using the Physiotherapy Evidence Database scale. The agreement between the reviewers was assessed with Cohen's kappa. RESULTS: Five studies were included, with a methodological quality ranging from moderate to good. Cohen's kappa was 0.79. Three studies focused on patients with an AAA (without indication for surgical repair) with physical fitness as the outcome measure. One study focused on PET in patients awaiting AAA surgery and one study focused on the effects of PET on post-operative complications, length of stay, and recovery. CONCLUSION: PET has beneficial effects on various physical fitness variables of patients with an AAA. Whether this leads to less complications or faster recovery remains unclear. In view of the large impact of post-operative complications, it is valuable to explore the possible benefits of a PET program in AAA surgery.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)66-76
Number of pages11
JournalEuropean Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
Volume49
Issue number1
Early online date14 Nov 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2015

Keywords

  • Abdominal aortic aneurysm
  • Abdominal surgery
  • Complications
  • Exercise training
  • Physical fitness
  • Preconditioning
  • RANDOMIZED CLINICAL-TRIAL
  • AEROBIC FITNESS
  • PULMONARY COMPLICATIONS
  • NONCARDIAC SURGERY
  • PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY
  • MORTALITY
  • REPAIR
  • MANAGEMENT
  • OUTCOMES
  • DISEASE

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