Bassini repair compared with laparoscopic repair for primary inguinal hernia: a randomised controlled trial.

C.D. Dirksen, G.L. Beets, P.M. Go, F.E. Geisler, C.G.M.I. Baeten

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Department of Surgery, University Hospital Maastricht, The Netherlands.

OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of open and laparoscopic primary inguinal hernia repair. DESIGN: Randomised controlled trial. SETTING: University hospital, The Netherlands. SUBJECTS: 87 patients had 103 open repairs and 88 patients had 114 laparoscopic repairs between November 1993 and July 1995. INTERVENTIONS: Laparoscopic repair by the transabdominal preperitoneal (TAPP) technique and open repair by the Bassini technique. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Recurrence, morbidity, pain, and duration of convalescence. RESULTS: Operating time was longer for laparoscopy (mean (SD): 82 (28) compared with 45 (15) minutes p < 0.001). Patients in the Bassini group had higher postoperative pain scores (mean (SD)VAS: 2.9 (1.6) compared with 2.0 (1.6) p=0.002), used more analgesics (median total intake: 2 (0-54) compared with 0 tablets (0-42) p=0.008), and needed a longer convalescence time (mean (SD) time to return to work: 22 (12.6) compared with 14 (10.1) days p < 0.001; mean (SD) time to return to physical activities: 27 (12.6) compared with 17 (12.2) days p < 0.001). Mean follow up was 24 months. Recurrence rates were 21% (22/ 103) after Bassini and 6% (7/114) after laparoscopic repair (p=0.001). CONCLUSION: Laparoscopic hernia repair is a safe operation, which has obvious advantages over the Bassini repair in terms of pain, use of analgesic drugs, resumption of activities, and recurrence. A disadvantage of the laparoscopic repair is the longer operating time.

Publication Types:
Clinical Trial
Randomized Controlled Trial
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)439-447
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Journal of Surgery
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1998

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