Barrett's esophagus and esophageal and gastric cancer subtypes : an epidemiologic perspective

J. Steevens

Research output: ThesisDoctoral ThesisInternal

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Esophageal cancer occurs more and more, but what are the risk factors for this disease? Results on the basis of the Dutch Cohort Study on nutrition and cancer that has been conducted since 1986 among over 120.000 persons show that smoking increases the risk of esophageal and gastric cancer. Alcoholic beverages are a risk for one type of esophageal cancer (adenocarcinoma), while overweight increases the risk of another type of esophageal cancer (squamous cell carcinoma). The study once again confirmed that eating many vegetables and fruits is healthy: it lowers the risk of esophageal and gastric cancer. Furthermore, the micro-nutrient selenium may possibly protect against esophageal cancer and one type of gastric cancer (cardia cancer).

Original languageEnglish
QualificationDoctor of Philosophy
Awarding Institution
  • Maastricht University
  • van den Brandt, Piet, Supervisor
  • Schouten, Leo, Co-Supervisor
  • Goldbohm, R.A., Supervisor, External person
Award date1 Dec 2010
Place of PublicationMaastricht
Print ISBNs9789052789941
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2010


  • esophageal cancer
  • risk factors
  • nutrition
  • alcohol

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