Esophageal cancer occurs more and more, but what are the risk factors for this disease? Results on the basis of the Dutch Cohort Study on nutrition and cancer that has been conducted since 1986 among over 120.000 persons show that smoking increases the risk of esophageal and gastric cancer. Alcoholic beverages are a risk for one type of esophageal cancer (adenocarcinoma), while overweight increases the risk of another type of esophageal cancer (squamous cell carcinoma). The study once again confirmed that eating many vegetables and fruits is healthy: it lowers the risk of esophageal and gastric cancer. Furthermore, the micro-nutrient selenium may possibly protect against esophageal cancer and one type of gastric cancer (cardia cancer).
|Qualification||Doctor of Philosophy|
|Award date||1 Dec 2010|
|Place of Publication||Maastricht|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2010|
- esophageal cancer
- risk factors