"Bareback'' Pornography Consumption and Safe-Sex Intentions of Men Having Sex with Men

Kai J. Jonas, Skyler T. Hawk, Danny Vastenburg, Peter de Groot

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Men having sex with men (MSM) commonly consume ``bareback'' pornography, which includes scenes of unprotected anal intercourse. Prior research on human imitative behavior suggests that these media might counteract efforts to promote safe-sex behaviors. To date, no studies have demonstrated a causal link between bareback pornography consumption and reduced safe-sex intentions. Study 1 utilized a correlational design conducted as an online survey. Study 2 was set in an actual MSM sex club, using a 2 x 2 mixed-factorial design to compare type of pornography (unprotected vs. protected anal intercourse) and age of actors (younger vs. older). As the main dependent variable in both studies, participants self-reported their inclinations toward unprotected versus protected intercourse, using a 100-point sliding scale (1 = unprotected, 100 = protected). In Study 1, more attention to unprotected sex acts on actual DVD film covers predicted lower safe-sex intentions, as compared to other elements of the film cover. In Study 2, safe-sex intentions after viewing unprotected-sex films were lower than after viewing protected-sex films. The results provide novel and ecologically valid evidence that ``bareback'' pornography consumption impacts viewer's inclinations toward sexual risk-taking by lowering their intentions to use protected sex measures. Suggestions are given as to how these findings can be utilized for purposes of intervention and prevention of STI and HIV infections.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)745-753
Number of pages9
JournalArchives of Sexual Behavior
Volume43
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • AIDS
  • Men who have sex with men
  • Pornography
  • Safe sex
  • Bareback sex
  • Imitation

Cite this

Jonas, Kai J. ; Hawk, Skyler T. ; Vastenburg, Danny ; de Groot, Peter. / "Bareback'' Pornography Consumption and Safe-Sex Intentions of Men Having Sex with Men. In: Archives of Sexual Behavior. 2014 ; Vol. 43, No. 4. pp. 745-753.
@article{010e052e9b2149b7a3e3a940ce513c86,
title = "{"}Bareback'' Pornography Consumption and Safe-Sex Intentions of Men Having Sex with Men",
abstract = "Men having sex with men (MSM) commonly consume ``bareback'' pornography, which includes scenes of unprotected anal intercourse. Prior research on human imitative behavior suggests that these media might counteract efforts to promote safe-sex behaviors. To date, no studies have demonstrated a causal link between bareback pornography consumption and reduced safe-sex intentions. Study 1 utilized a correlational design conducted as an online survey. Study 2 was set in an actual MSM sex club, using a 2 x 2 mixed-factorial design to compare type of pornography (unprotected vs. protected anal intercourse) and age of actors (younger vs. older). As the main dependent variable in both studies, participants self-reported their inclinations toward unprotected versus protected intercourse, using a 100-point sliding scale (1 = unprotected, 100 = protected). In Study 1, more attention to unprotected sex acts on actual DVD film covers predicted lower safe-sex intentions, as compared to other elements of the film cover. In Study 2, safe-sex intentions after viewing unprotected-sex films were lower than after viewing protected-sex films. The results provide novel and ecologically valid evidence that ``bareback'' pornography consumption impacts viewer's inclinations toward sexual risk-taking by lowering their intentions to use protected sex measures. Suggestions are given as to how these findings can be utilized for purposes of intervention and prevention of STI and HIV infections.",
keywords = "AIDS, Men who have sex with men, Pornography, Safe sex, Bareback sex, Imitation",
author = "Jonas, {Kai J.} and Hawk, {Skyler T.} and Danny Vastenburg and {de Groot}, Peter",
year = "2014",
month = "5",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/s10508-014-0294-2",
language = "Undefined/Unknown",
volume = "43",
pages = "745--753",
journal = "Archives of Sexual Behavior",
issn = "0004-0002",
publisher = "Springer",
number = "4",

}

"Bareback'' Pornography Consumption and Safe-Sex Intentions of Men Having Sex with Men. / Jonas, Kai J.; Hawk, Skyler T.; Vastenburg, Danny; de Groot, Peter.

In: Archives of Sexual Behavior, Vol. 43, No. 4, 01.05.2014, p. 745-753.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - "Bareback'' Pornography Consumption and Safe-Sex Intentions of Men Having Sex with Men

AU - Jonas, Kai J.

AU - Hawk, Skyler T.

AU - Vastenburg, Danny

AU - de Groot, Peter

PY - 2014/5/1

Y1 - 2014/5/1

N2 - Men having sex with men (MSM) commonly consume ``bareback'' pornography, which includes scenes of unprotected anal intercourse. Prior research on human imitative behavior suggests that these media might counteract efforts to promote safe-sex behaviors. To date, no studies have demonstrated a causal link between bareback pornography consumption and reduced safe-sex intentions. Study 1 utilized a correlational design conducted as an online survey. Study 2 was set in an actual MSM sex club, using a 2 x 2 mixed-factorial design to compare type of pornography (unprotected vs. protected anal intercourse) and age of actors (younger vs. older). As the main dependent variable in both studies, participants self-reported their inclinations toward unprotected versus protected intercourse, using a 100-point sliding scale (1 = unprotected, 100 = protected). In Study 1, more attention to unprotected sex acts on actual DVD film covers predicted lower safe-sex intentions, as compared to other elements of the film cover. In Study 2, safe-sex intentions after viewing unprotected-sex films were lower than after viewing protected-sex films. The results provide novel and ecologically valid evidence that ``bareback'' pornography consumption impacts viewer's inclinations toward sexual risk-taking by lowering their intentions to use protected sex measures. Suggestions are given as to how these findings can be utilized for purposes of intervention and prevention of STI and HIV infections.

AB - Men having sex with men (MSM) commonly consume ``bareback'' pornography, which includes scenes of unprotected anal intercourse. Prior research on human imitative behavior suggests that these media might counteract efforts to promote safe-sex behaviors. To date, no studies have demonstrated a causal link between bareback pornography consumption and reduced safe-sex intentions. Study 1 utilized a correlational design conducted as an online survey. Study 2 was set in an actual MSM sex club, using a 2 x 2 mixed-factorial design to compare type of pornography (unprotected vs. protected anal intercourse) and age of actors (younger vs. older). As the main dependent variable in both studies, participants self-reported their inclinations toward unprotected versus protected intercourse, using a 100-point sliding scale (1 = unprotected, 100 = protected). In Study 1, more attention to unprotected sex acts on actual DVD film covers predicted lower safe-sex intentions, as compared to other elements of the film cover. In Study 2, safe-sex intentions after viewing unprotected-sex films were lower than after viewing protected-sex films. The results provide novel and ecologically valid evidence that ``bareback'' pornography consumption impacts viewer's inclinations toward sexual risk-taking by lowering their intentions to use protected sex measures. Suggestions are given as to how these findings can be utilized for purposes of intervention and prevention of STI and HIV infections.

KW - AIDS

KW - Men who have sex with men

KW - Pornography

KW - Safe sex

KW - Bareback sex

KW - Imitation

U2 - 10.1007/s10508-014-0294-2

DO - 10.1007/s10508-014-0294-2

M3 - Article

VL - 43

SP - 745

EP - 753

JO - Archives of Sexual Behavior

JF - Archives of Sexual Behavior

SN - 0004-0002

IS - 4

ER -