Balance control in individuals with developmental coordination disorder: A systematic review and meta-analysis

E. Verbecque*, C. Johnson, E. Rameckers, A. Thijs, I. van der Veer, P. Meyns, B. Smits-Engelsman, K. Klingels

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

3 Citations (Web of Science)
44 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Background: Although it is recognized that the majority of children with developmental coordination disorder (DCD) have balance deficits, comprehensive insights into which balance domains are affected, are still lacking in literature.Research question: To what extent is balance control deficient in individuals with DCD compared to controls?Methods: Pubmed, Scopus and Web of Science were systematically searched. Risk of bias was assessed with the Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network checklist for case-control studies. Mean and standard deviations characterizing balance control were extracted to calculate standardized mean differences (SMD) and pooled, if possible, using Review Manager.Results: The results of 31 studies (1152 individuals with DCD, 1103 typically developing (TD) peers, mean age 10.4 years old) were extracted of which 17 were used for meta-analysis. The mean SMD for the balance subscale of the Movement Assessment Battery for Children was 1.63 (pooled 95 %CI =[1.30;1.97]), indicating children with DCD to perform significantly poorer than their TD peers. Force plate studies also revealed that children with DCD present with a larger sway path during bipedal stance with eyes closed (pooled mean SMD = 0.55; 95 %CI = [0.32;0.78]). Children with DCD tend to have direction-specific limited stability limits and task-independent delayed onset of anticipatory postural adjustments.Interpretation: Children with DCD perform poorer on different domains of balance compared to TD peers. Future research should focus on comprehensive balance assessment in these children, preferably using a longitudinal design.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)268-279
Number of pages12
JournalGait & Posture
Volume83
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2021

Keywords

  • balance control
  • children
  • developmental coordination disorder
  • lifting task
  • mini-bestest
  • motor
  • motor skills disorders
  • movement
  • performance
  • postural balance
  • postural control
  • stability
  • static balance
  • walking
  • Balance control
  • LIFTING TASK
  • PERFORMANCE
  • STABILITY
  • POSTURAL CONTROL
  • MOVEMENT
  • WALKING
  • Postural balance
  • STATIC BALANCE
  • Motor skills disorders
  • CHILDREN
  • MOTOR
  • MINI-BESTEST
  • Developmental coordination disorder

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