PURPOSE: To assess attainment of individual treatment goals one year after intrathecal baclofen (ITB) pump implantation in individuals with dyskinetic cerebral palsy (CP).
MATERIALS AND METHODS: A multi-center prospective cohort study was conducted including 34 non-walking individuals with severe dyskinetic CP, classified as Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) IV/V, aged 4-24 years, 12 months after pump implantation. The main outcome measure was Goal Attainment Scaling (GAS). Predictors of GAS results were analyzed. Complications were registered systematically.
RESULTS: Seventy-one percent of individuals with dyskinetic CP fully achieved one or more treatment goals. One or more treatment goals were partially achieved in 97% of individuals. Two factors were found to be associated with attainment of goals: Dyskinesia Impairment Scale (DIS) score at baseline and the difference in pain score between baseline and follow-up. These two variables explain 30% of the variance in the outcome.
CONCLUSIONS: Intrathecal baclofen is effective in achieving individual treatment goals in children and young adults with dyskinetic CP after nine to 12 months of ITB treatment. A positive outcome on treatment goals is, for a small part, associated with higher severity of dystonia at baseline and with improvement of pain during treatment.
CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: Dutch Trial Register, number NTR3642.Implications for rehabilitationIntrathecal baclofen treatment is effective in attainment of personal treatment goals, one year after pump implantation in patients with dyskinetic cerebral palsy.A positive outcome on treatment goals is, for a small part, related to higher severity of dystonia at the start and on improvement of pain during treatment.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Disability and Rehabilitation|
|Early online date||5 Apr 2022|
|Publication status||Published - 2023|
- Cerebral palsy
- injections intrathecal