Background and Purpose-
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D) is associated with cognitive impairment and an increased risk of dementia, but the association between prediabetes and cognitive impairment is less clear, particularly in a setting of major cerebrovascular events. This article examines the impact of impaired fasting glucose and T2D on cognitive performance in a stroke population.
Seven international observational studies from the STROKOG (Stroke and Cognition) consortium (n=1601; mean age, 66.0 years; 70% Asian, 26% white, and 2.6% African American) were included. Fasting glucose level (FGL) during hospitalization was used to define 3 groups, T2D (FGL >= 7.0 mmol/L), impaired fasting glucose (FGL 6.1-6.9 mmol/L), and normal (FGL
Patients with T2D had significantly poorer performance in global cognition (SD, -0.59 [95% CI, -0.82 to -0.36]; P
Diabetes mellitus, but not prediabetes, is associated with poorer cognitive performance in patients 3 to 6 months after stroke.
- diabetes mellitus
- prediabetic state
- IMPAIRED FASTING GLUCOSE