Background: Left atrium (LA) remodeling is associated with atrial fibrillation (AF) and reduced success after AF ablation, but its relation with low-voltage areas (LVA) is not known. This study aimed to evaluate the relation between regional LA changes and LVAs in AF patients.
Methods: Pre-interventional CT data of patients (n = 24) with LA-LVA (
Results: The roof, posterior and septal regions had negative local deviations. There was a correlation between roof and septum (r = 0.42, p = 0.04), lateral and inferior-posterior (r = 0.48, p = 0.02) as well as posterior and inferior-septal deviations (r = -0.41, p = 0.046). ASI correlated with septum deformation (r = -0.43, p = 0.04). LAS correlated with dilatation (LAV, r = 0.49, p = 0.02), roof (r = 0.52, p = 0.009) and posterior deformation (r = -0.56, p = 0.005). Extended LVA correlated with local deformation of all LA walls, except the roof and the septum. LVA association with LAV, ASI and LAS did not reach statistical significance.
Conclusion: Extended LVA correlates with local wall deformations better than other remodeling surrogates. Therefore, their calculation could help predict LVA presence and deserve further evaluation in clinical studies. (C) 2021 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V.
- Atrial fibrillation
- Atrial remodeling
- Computer tomography
- Voltage mapping