Association of Ischemic Core Imaging Biomarkers With Post-Thrombectomy Clinical Outcomes in the MR CLEAN Registry

M.S. Koopman*, J.W. Hoving, M. Kappelhof, O.A. Berkhemer, L.F.M. Beenen, W.H. van Zwam, H.W.A.M. de Jong, J.W. Dankbaar, D.W.J. Dippel, J.M. Coutinho, H.A. Marquering, B.J. Emmer, C.B.L.M. Majoie, MR CLEAN Registry Investigators

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Background: A considerable proportion of acute ischemic stroke patients treated with endovascular thrombectomy (EVT) are dead or severely disabled at 3 months despite successful reperfusion. Ischemic core imaging biomarkers may help to identify patients who are more likely to have a poor outcome after endovascular thrombectomy (EVT) despite successful reperfusion. We studied the association of CT perfusion-(CTP), CT angiography-(CTA), and non-contrast CT-(NCCT) based imaging markers with poor outcome in patients who underwent EVT in daily clinical practice.Methods: We included EVT-treated patients (July 2016-November 2017) with an anterior circulation occlusion from the Multicenter Randomized Clinical Trial of Endovascular Treatment for Acute Ischemic Stroke in the Netherlands (MR CLEAN) Registry with available baseline CTP, CTA, and NCCT. We used multivariable binary and ordinal logistic regression to analyze the association of CTP ischemic core volume, CTA-Collateral Score (CTA-CS), and Alberta Stroke Program Early CT Score (ASPECTS) with poor outcome (modified Rankin Scale score (mRS) 5-6) and likelihood of having a lower score on the mRS at 90 days.Results: In 201 patients, median core volume was 13 (IQR 5-41) mL. Median ASPECTS was 9 (IQR 8-10). Most patients had grade 2 (83/201; 42%) or grade 3 (28/201; 14%) collaterals. CTP ischemic core volume was associated with poor outcome [aOR per 10 mL 1.02 (95%CI 1.01-1.04)] and lower likelihood of having a lower score on the mRS at 90 days [aOR per 10 mL 0.85 (95% CI 0.78-0.93)]. In multivariable analysis, neither CTA-CS nor ASPECTS were significantly associated with poor outcome or the likelihood of having a lower mRS.Conclusion: In our population of patients treated with EVT in daily clinical practice, CTP ischemic core volume is associated with poor outcome and lower likelihood of shift toward better outcome in contrast to either CTA-CS or ASPECTS.
Original languageEnglish
Article number771367
Number of pages10
JournalFrontiers in Neurology
Publication statusPublished - 10 Jan 2022


  • CT perfusion (CTP)
  • ischemic core
  • thrombectomy
  • stroke
  • alberta stroke program early CT score (ASPECTS)
  • collaterals

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